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Homemade Tonic Syrup for the best Gin and Tonic

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A gin and tonic is a fine drink. It’s tough to beat on a summer day, with its effervescence and its botanical fragrance and its hit of citrus.

Its anti-malarial properties from quinine famously protected the British from malaria in India and Africa, a complicated sort of honor in the way that the project of global empire is complicated (and if you want a fun read about the follies of empire you must pick up J.G. Farrell’s The Siege of Krishnapur).

But big-brand commercial tonic water has declined like the empire it propped up for so many years. It barely contains any quinine anymore.

It’s basically sugar or high fructose corn syrup with some citric acid and the ever ambiguous “flavorings.”

There are several high quality fancy-pants tonics on the market, from Q to Fever Tree to Fentiman’s, and while I like all of them, I rarely have them around because they’re kind of expensive and not always easy to find. Also, I’ve learned, I can do better on my own.

Angelica root, juniper berries, orange, lemons, coriander seed, sugar

Most of the tonic recipes you’ll find floating around the Internet are variations on Jeffrey Morgenthaler’s recipe that he shared in 2008. In his excellent 2014 Bar Book (a resource that all serious cocktail geeks should have in their library) he is critical of that original version:

Even my own first recipe, which was lauded by bartenders and home mixologists all over the Internet and in newspapers, I personally found to be muddy, dirty, earthy, and, quite frankly, a bit tough to drink.

I played around with that version a number of years ago, and while I remember liking it, I also remember feeling it wasn’t quite what I wanted to reach for when I wanted a gin and tonic.

And I take his point about it feeling a bit muddy. In part because if you’re using cinchona powder it’s awfully tough to strain out of a syrup (and if you’re using cut bark, it’s tough to extract much quinine flavor).

Morgenthaler gets around this problem by using first infusing the cinchona powder in vodka (I use Everclear) and then adding the quinine tincture to the syrup with the other botanicals and aromatics.

[Edit: This helps to limit the amount of quinine added to the final beverage. Please don’t be tempted add more. Too much quinine can have serious, dangerous side effects, and this is not intended to be used for medicinal purposes!]

Homemade Tonic Syrup | Blossom to Stem |

I’ve stolen that solution from him for my homemade tonic syrup. But while he flavors his new version with gentian root, cinnamon, lemon and grapefruit, I’ve learned that I prefer a somewhat different flavor profile.

I love gentian-based amaros like Campari and Suze, but while I think it’s interesting in tonic, I think it might be almost too assertive in its bitterness. I’ve learned that I prefer the somewhat softer, more rounded bitterness of angelica root.

Homemade Tonic Syrup | Blossom to Stem |

I like some aromatic botanicals and bring in a hint of juniper to echo the gin along with coriander and cardamom. It’s a flavor profile I’ve more or less borrowed from Ransom’s Old Tom Gin (my favorite gin for a Martinez).

And somehow, for me, it’s the right balance of tart, bitter, and aromatic.

It compliments gin and has enough guts to stand up to a punchy juniper-forward London dry style gin but is still soft enough to refrain from overpowering all the nuance in a more subtle gin.

Pouring sparkling water over tonic syrup to make tonic water

I also think this homemade tonic syrup lovely to drink mixed with a little soda water as a grown-up soda on its own.

Making this does require tracking down some fiddly ingredients.

I mean, you probably don’t have quinine powder or angelica root in your pantry and are unlikely to find them at your local grocery store, but the Internet makes them easy to track down. And they’re inexpensive and keep more or less forever.

And then you’ll be all set for your gin and tonics for life.

Homemade Tonic Syrup | Blossom to Stem |
Yield: 28 ounces

Homemade Tonic Syrup

Homemade Tonic Syrup | Blossom to Stem |

This homemade tonic syrup makes the best gin and tonics ever. It's inspired by the method Jeffery Morgethaler uses in his in his excellent Bar Book, but the flavor profile is loosely inspired by the aromatics in Ransom Old Tom gin. It's tart from the citrus and citric acid, bitter from the angelica root, and aromatic from the coriander, cardamom, and juniper. It does require tracking down citric acid, which you can probably find at your local grocery store, and also angelica root and cinchona powder, which you can easily order online. The quinine tincture makes more than you'll need and it keeps forever. Be sure to weigh everything with a scale for precision--the volume of roots and peels vary too much for volume measurements to be useful. Ideally, look for organic lemons and oranges for this, but if all you have is conventional wash them with hot water first.

Prep Time 10 minutes
Cook Time 20 minutes
Total Time 30 minutes


Quinine Tincture

  • 6 grams powdered cinchona bark
  • 150 ml Everclear

For the botanicals

  • 20 grams citric acid
  • 20 grams angelica root
  • 30 grams orange peel, peeled with a vegetable peeler
  • 30 grams lemon peel, peeled with a vegetable peeler
  • 8 grams coriander seed
  • 5 grams cardamom pods
  • 5 grams juniper berries
  • 400 grams sugar
  • 500 ml water


Make the quinine tincture

  1. Mix the cinchona powder with the Everclear, cover, and let sit overnight. Strain through a coffee filter fitted on your finest mesh strainer (or filter cone) into a container. It might take a while. Then strain again through a second coffee filter to really remove the fine particulate. 

Make the botanical syrup

  1. Add all the ingredients to a medium saucepan. Heat over medium-high heat until it comes to a boil, reduce heat to low and simmer, covered, for 20 minutes. Strain through a mesh strainer and let cool. 
  2. Measure out 45 ml (1 1/2 ounces) of the quinine tincture and mix into the cooled syrup. Keep the rest of the quinine tincture in an airtight container (the tincture will keep indefinitely). Store the syrup in an airtight container in the refrigerator. It should keep for at least 2 weeks.

Nutrition Information:



Serving Size:


Amount Per Serving: Calories: 62Total Fat: 0gSaturated Fat: 0gTrans Fat: 0gUnsaturated Fat: 0gCholesterol: 0mgSodium: 4mgCarbohydrates: 16gFiber: 1gSugar: 15gProtein: 0g
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Joni Kämppä

Monday 3rd of August 2020

Is the amount of tincture (45ml) correct? It sounds awful lot of alcohol on the syrup itself, especially if you use strong alcohol like Everclear. Making this right now and concerned about the measurements.

Mary Kasprzak

Tuesday 4th of August 2020

It's correct.


Wednesday 20th of May 2020

Just tried this recipe today. We're finding it to be overpoweringly tart in a G&T (with Tanquerey) due to the citric acid probably, and the quinine flavor is practically non-existent. There is a very nice herbal, almost celery flavor that's very refreshing, but I think I'm going to have to play with the recipe going forward.

Mary Kasprzak

Thursday 21st of May 2020

Hmm, it shouldn't be that sour, but everyone's taste is different.

Before tinkering too much, I just want to make sure you know that too much quinine can have very bad side effects (like major heart problems), so the amount is limited on purpose.

The citric acid acts as a preservative as well as a flavor component. You can absolutely cut it back or remove it altogether, but the resulting syrup won't stay good as long.


Tuesday 14th of April 2020

My favorite mixed bevy has always been G&T’s, and has been so hard to find a good one out and at home. My wonderful husband found this recipe and all I can say is this makes the BEST G&T I have ever had.


Friday 8th of November 2019

Making the tonic first time and pretty much following the directions with some added botanicals. However, I'm a bit concerned about the amount of citric acid. It is very sour and tends to overpower everything else. This is before I added the syrup. Is 20g correct?

Håkan Walterson

Thursday 12th of December 2019

I grinded the Chincona bark using an electric coffee grinder. I poured the powder and the corect amount of 47% alcohol in a glass. Next morning the powder was at the bottom of the glass and I could decant the fluid without much "debris"

Mary Kasprzak

Friday 8th of November 2019

The amount is correct.The final syrup should have a balance of bitter and sour and sweet.


Saturday 7th of April 2018

Have you tried the bark chips instead of the powder? Seems a lot of people prefer it that way, but I can't figure out how to adjust the ratios if I go that route--obviously you're going to get less extraction and need to up the weight a bit.


Saturday 7th of April 2018

I'd recommend looking for fine cut cinchona bark (like this) rather than bigger bark chips, which don't give up much flavor in this kind of extraction, and then increasing the weight to 9 or 10 grams. The powder is definitely a pain to filter out, and I've considered going this route myself, but haven't tested it. I've used larger bark pieces in the past, and been disappointed, but I think a fine cut bark would be a good compromise for getting good extraction and easy filtration.